Montblanc was conceived in 1906 when merchant Alfred Nehemias and engineer August Eberstein returned to Hamburg from the U.S. fascinated by a new invention—the fountain pen. Their first product’s name, “Rouge et Noir,” and its nickname, “Little Red Riding Hood,” were both references to classic literature. When the Meisterstück pen from 1924 was updated in precious metal in 1983, it triumphed literature as the art of writing. Montblanc opened its first store in Hamburg in 1919, selling ink, paper and mechanical pencils as well. Montblanc’s range expanded to leather items in 1935, high end products in the 1980s, and now jewelery. Montblanc is the first company ever to have a patented gem cut derived from its logo.