Koloman Moser (1868-1918) graduated from the Vienna School for Arts and Crafts, where he later returned as a professor. Moser was an incredibly versatile artist: he began his career with graphics, fashion drawings, and book illustrations, but soon turned his creative eye to ceramics, furniture, jewellery, fabrics, and all aspects of interior design. As a teacher, artist, and craftsman, Moser had an immense influence on the tastes of his time. In 1903 he co-founded The Wiener Werkstätte with Josef Hoffmann. Influenced by the Austrian Arts and Crafts movement, the group embraced simplicity, local materials and craft traditions in a reaction against useless ornamentation and industrial mass production. In true collective manner, every object was designed consciously to co-ordinate with all others into a ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’, meaning one cohesive work of art.